Boer goat is also known as South African goat because of its origin, they were reared by the Dutch in the 1900s. It is believed that they were bred from the indigenous African goats grazed by the local tribes.
The South Africans are the pioneers who propagated the idea of Boer meat across the globe.
The Boer goats were brought to the US in 1993 leading to the formation of ABGA(American Boer Goat Association) in 1994. The association further helped in the preservation and development of the breed across the country.
Boar goats are majorly known for their high demand in the meat industry.
Before we know about Boer goats and their characteristics, Let’s have an understanding of their physical structure.
Physical highlights Of boer goats
Some Boer goats also have a completely brown or white body. However, mainly seen with White body and brown head and neck.
- Their eyes are mainly brown.
- The horns are curved inwards with thickness.
- The bodies of Boer goats are bulky and muscular with a heavyweight.
- The female Boer is called doe which weights around 200 to 225 pounds while the matured Boer can be 240 to 350 pounds.
- The ears of the goats are droopy with Roman noses.
- The skin is mostly pigmented with glossy hair.
- The average lifespan of a Boer goat is from 7 to 12 years. but they also tend to live from 12 to 20 years.
- The strength and physicality of a Boer goat are easily transmitted to its offspring even after crossbreeding.
Characteristics of boer goat:
Boer goats are differentiated from other goats mainly because of their strong structure and their predominant use in the meat market. But the characteristics of these goats moreover contradict their physicality.
The below characteristics also enhance the advantages of Boer goats as a breed for the commercial meat business.
- Solely known for their meat, Boer goats are mainly docile and playful breeds. They are also used as pets for their friendly character.
- However, known for their calmness it is also observed that the matured ones can turn aggressive towards strangers.
- The major likes in the feed of Boar goats include grasses, leaves, and coconut.
- These goats are also known for their high immunity with good resistance to a hot environment.
- A Boer goat can deliver up to two kids at a time with a higher growth rate.
- They are immense strength and climbing abilities. The barns were Boer goats are reared are mostly made of strong wood and barbed wires.
- They can breed throughout the year. The nanny Boer goat breeds its baby for around 3 months after 5 months of pregnancy.
- Like other ruminants, Boer goat also requires roughage in their diet plan for the rumination process.
- Boer goats are considered by farm keepers for their high fertility too. This helps with good returns from the money spent.
Raising of boer goat:
A breed like African goat has immense value for its meat because of its physiological structures. On the other hand, it has major qualities that promise high-quality productivity.
Hence, the breeding process of these goats can be simpler as well as a little complicated if not understood properly.
Raising up a Boer goat is indeed quite easy with adequate fencing and enough pasture.
Generally, Boer goats require less care as they are capable enough of searching for food by themselves by feeding on shrubs and grasses. This helps in providing them minimal supplemental feeding.
One aspect is to ensure that these goats get ample space in the shelter as their size demands.
The foods for Boer goats are crucial although they can browse the necessary food by themselves. Minerals like Copper and Selenium can add to their health along with 2 to 3 pounds of hay twice a day.
They are capable of breeding throughout the year but the time of breeding amongst African goats varies.
It also depends upon the location and the weather condition.
The high fertility in these goats is one of the reasons why farmers and breeders prefer them. It helps them find top quality breeding pair with great results.
A Boer doe can give birth to twins, triplets, and even squads.
Most of the Boer goats go through selective breeding and cross-breeding due to its value in meat production.
Some cross-breeding process in Boer goats involve:
- Boer Doe X Spanish goat
- Boer buck X Angora doe
- Boer X Nubian
- Boer X Jamnapari
It is suggested considering a Boer buck as the sire in a commercial herd. This will increase the growth of the offspring increasing its meat capabilities
Understanding boer goat farming:
So far, we have got an idea of what and how Boer goat as a breed is.
Well, the important aspect comes to its production.
There has been a steady growth in the meat market across the globe and has been increasing largely with high demand.
And if you are here not only to know about Boer goats but also to raise them on a commercial basis, this is the point from where you have to start taking notes.
Let’s have a thorough understanding of what it takes to raise a successful Boer farming business.
It’s baffling though, that the demand for Boer meat isn’t meeting the number of farmers doing it commercially.
So this itself should give you ample hope to get going with a business plan. Here are some points that will help you to start with.
Buying with a limited budget
This may sound pleasing but Boer goats are expensive breeds. However, it depends upon the area or location. The cost varies from place to place as per their quality.
In case you don’t have a large budget you can even start with purchase herd in small numbers. To know about the prices you can enquire from your nearest Boer goat farm or even visit the livestock market.
Don’t hesitate with expense not suiting. Go for it as it does pay back well.
Raising in a farm
This is a very crucial part of Boer goat raising. As to help the goats grow well with good productivity the farm must provide them enough room in the shelter.
Maybe the only disadvantage of Boer goats is the construction of strong fences and shelters that can accommodate the goats. The shed should be able to hold on to the strength of your herd.
Boer goats have heavyweights and so they are known in the meat market. The housing facility for these goats must be much comfortable and larger compared with other goat breeds.
12 to 15 square feet per goat should be a comfortable spacing. If you are looking for better advantageous housing, the Stall-fed system is the right one. This is done when you mostly not allow the goats to graze around. It means you have to build further space.
Feeding boer goats
As discussed in the food of Boer goats above, it is necessary to maintain a highly nutritious diet for their body growth.
These goats eat the same amount of food as the other breeds. But known for its meat production with fast-growing ability, their body needs more amount of food.
The nutrition can come from grasses and grains along with feeds being mandatory. Providing feed is not only relevant for the breed but also on commercial grounds. Other than these serving minerals and proteins are added advantages.
Make sure that the goats are supplied with sufficient water. Ensure that the water is clean and safe with conceivable temperature.
Special care during breeding
Boer goats are exceptional breeders. Therefore, it isn’t a major thing to worry about. But for most farmers, the major quality of Boer goats as breeders is the primary reason for their farming.
This breed has a high fertility rate making the farmers prefer purebred through selective breeding.
Even cross-breeding Boer goats with poor quality breeds can generate great results.
Make sure that during this stage the breeding goats are given special care. Only if given special room to the breeding bucks, the result can be better.
Selling in the market
As we know Boer goats are sold at high rates in the market depending upon the region. If all the above-mentioned process is held delicately and accurately, you will be able to achieve good profit. You can sell the Boer goat or the meat accordingly as per the choice of your farming. The demand for Boer goat and its meat is equally high in the market.
Hope these points will help you practically work on building a Boer goat farming with success.
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Farm Animals Guide
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