In terms of Chicken farming, the broiler industry may have gone up immensely, but What its another aspect, ‘the egg layer farming’ has to offer you could be more interesting and profitable if done perfectly.
In the last few decades, chicken eggs are one of the most important protein consumption food on a daily basis.
In fact, eggs are claimed to be vegetarian food allowing all kinds of people to add to their dietary plan.
As we discuss on the vast subject of egg layer farming, there are many interesting facts and understanding that needs to be taken under consideration.
In case you are here to know more about it or Learn the process of layer farming, or moreover get an idea regarding a basic knowledge on breeds and feeds involved in the business, let’s get the ball rolling!
Introduction to Chicken egg Layer farming:
Chicken egg Layer farming is no rocket science. A strand of poultry farming, this farming is nothing but raising chickens for their eggs as Commercial production.
Chickens normally start laying eggs when they are around 5 to 7 months old. Egg-laying chickens require special care attention to bring high-quality growth both in the hens and the business. Therefore, all hens lay eggs except when they are sick, or unhealthy or distressed.
There are different breeds of chickens that lay different types of eggs.
Like the typical white hens that are developed in normal housing, the system lay white eggs while the conventional brown chickens lay brown eggs.
Other eggs also, involve Organic eggs where the hens are brought up in an organic environment especially with their feeds being completely natural.
Another example is one of the most popular American chicken breeds, Rhode Island red. These hens are used for both meat and eggs but specifically, they are known to lay a lot of eggs.
To further take this topic ahead as a part of egg production, let’s take a look at a few of the major breeds of chickens used for layer farming.
Major breeds of Chicken:
The origin of this breed is however not sure, it is believed to be originated from the landrace chicken in Italy.
White is the most commonly recognized color for leghorn, but very few know that they are also found in other colors.
They are considered as one of the unique breeds in the market with their ability to lay around 250 eggs a year.
This breed is regarded as the most classic breed of chickens commonly known as the Lohmann Brown Classic Chicken. Typically brown in color, as the name itself suggests, these hens require less feed comparatively.
Developed through cross-breeding, these breeds are well able to lay around 300 eggs per year.
Golden comet is best known for its egg-laying capacity, Without any hesitation or worries, you can expect the golden comet to lay one egg every day. This breed is a well known hybrid with mostly in brown and golden colors.
They can lay up to 300 eggs per year.
Plymouth Rock Chicken
Just like the Rhode island red, Plymouth Rock is another breed that is used for dual purposes with its good productivity both in layering and meat. Their appearance is basically of black and white feathers with a tint of grey. These chickens can lay around 200 eggs per year.
One of the major oldest breeds in America, Plymouth rock is the best choice for a beginner in layer egg farming.
This breed of chickens originated from America in the 1970s named after the Araucanian Indians. They are found in varied colors like black, brown, red, silver, white, etc. Developed as a hybrid, these chickens can lay around 200 eggs per year.
They are also known for their eggs that have a tinge of green and blue color. the eggs are also called Easter eggs because of their colors.
Also known as Kentish fowl, Sussex chicken has been around us for a long time(in fact centuries ago). Due to selective breeding, these chickens are found in different colors across the world. Some color appearances are Brown, white, buff, silver, red, etc.
They can lay eggs up to 250 eggs per year. They are also considered as one of bets broiler chickens.
Tips for beginners into an Egg layer farming:
Poultry farming is indeed already a well-acclaimed business across the globe. There’s no doubt in its profit consumption once it gains the right momentum in its productivity. As we are talking about layer farming through chickens, it becomes one way of egg production. Therefore, as beginners, once you acquire the proper knowledge regarding the commercial growth of this business, you must follow some basic processes to bring productivity and profit at the same time.
Take a look at some of the tips that can help you boost your chicken egg farming.
The breed is the key
The well-known types of hen breeds that lay eggs include the white and brown hens. However, The color of eggs does not determine their quality; choosing the right breeds is a good start for effective layer farming. Choosing the right hens that are truly reliable when it comes to layering decides the future of the product. Refer to some of the well-known breeds we discussed above that can generate a good number of eggs per year.
On an average layering chicken like a red comet, Rhode island red and leghorn can easily lay around 200 to 250 eggs per year.
Look of crossbred hens like those that require less feed to grow, at the same time providing better output
Housing for chickens
Creating ample space in the housing system based on the weight and size of the breeds can give comfort to the chickens.
The main concern belongs to the newly grown chicks which are once shifted to the layer farm after a week of hatching. It will be difficult for them to adapt to a new housing environment.
Thus, make sure an ample amount of water availability is provided on time to time basis. Ensure proper glucose amount(5% in water) is served. Vitamins mixed with water can also help in the energy of the chicks.
These basic and relevant actions can ensure better growth in the chicks.
The feed is the Core of egg production
You are what you eat.
Well, somewhat it’s the same with Chickens.
Feeding your poultry birds is the best way to keep them happy, and therefore a good number of eggs.
Here are some of the steps to serve your layering chicken in the best way:
- Basic eating habits like pecking grains and fruits are common among chickens. let that habit be nourished well. They can find protein and vitamin-rich contents through bugs, worms, and insects.
- Supplemental dies is another thing of great importance when it comes to ensuring good quality layering. Feeds with nutritionally balanced contents including a mix of leafy vegetables, grains, fruits, and cereals are good choices.
- For chicks, you can prefer high-quality starters for them. Feed them in a small amount until they are the accurate age to lay eggs. After that these chickens can be given quality laying ration.
- These laying rations can be pellets that can help in less wastage of feed. During winter months, the crumbled forms of the feed are much enjoyed by the chickens.
- Clean drinking water is the one thing that you cannot compromise in any farming. With regards to the chicken, don’t forget to ensure that the water temperature and its purity is good enough for their consumption.
Regular maintenance of health
Don’t forget to keep a regular check on the health conditions of the chickens. You might be following the best of the feeding process but the seasonal changes or the physical aspects of the chickens can easily be affected.
For mature chickens, seasonal changes can take a toll on them if there’s a lag in their health concerns. However, with proper veterinarian care, it can be cured.
The concern to the chicks should be followed from the time they are hatched. This can be done through vaccination.
Timely vaccination can help them fight the obvious diseases and make them resistant to it.
Consistent ensuring of vaccination through good medical care can boost the chick’s immunity and mortality rate.
These above-mentioned proceedings are the basic and professional way of maintaining layer farming. Following these tips as a beginner can definitely give you a good start into the egg production business.
Before we conclude, let’s take a look at some of the tiny topics we missed.
Brown egg-laying Chickens
What’s the appearance of an egg when you imagine it? White?
However white is believed to the accepted ones, the brown colored eggs have easily started to become a widely consumed egg. there was a crucial decline in the consumption of these eggs in the last century, but they have gained attention following a natural food movement in the layering sector.
As a starter into the commercial egg production industry understanding, this food movement can be really helpful, and working towards it can be effective.
Does black chicken lay black eggs?
To finish it with myth breaker, Black chickens are basically the Cemani and the Kadaknath chicken. They are known for their high nutritional values in the chicken meat industry.
These chickens are completely black, though Kadaknath has an iridescent greenish shade.
And of course no, they don’t lay black eggs. It’s a myth that needs to be broken as it’s a false understanding. There genetic condition that turns them black doesn’t affect or reach the eggs they lay. However, the eggs are mainly creamy.
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Farm Animals Guide
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