Talking about swine isn’t something everyone would be interested in. But at the same time, raising pigs isn’t the thing for all.
Not only the market for pig farming has developed its several strands, but it also gives a promising prospect in terms of financial profit.
There’s no doubt about it!
Now, are you thinking about a similar plan? Or
Looking to gain more concrete knowledge regarding raising pigs?
This involves various aspects to comprehend. Like knowing the animal itself. Other queries like:
· What is the general nature of Pigs?
· What does a healthy pig food include?
· Do they have to follow a disciplined Pig diet?
· Is raising pigs a growing trend?
Well, these questions are obvious to come if you are looking forward to understanding the Process.
Though Pigs being omnivorous they prefer both plants and animals, but especially grains, fruits, and vegetables. Commercially prepared formulated packaged food is another major source of nutrition for their health.
Let’s take a look at some simple and basic information regarding raising your Pig with better health and growth.
Factors to be considered before feeding pigs:
Hogs or Pigs need proper treatment like any other farm animal. But Pigs cannot be left grazing right?
For providing exact and appropriate food to your pigs, you need to take some aspects under consideration.
These factors can help you decide what food to be given to your pigs and in what proportion.
Breed of the pigs
If your pigs are under the breed that grows faster, then do ensure that a high amount of protein is served. The requirement of different breeds as per their body.
A breed like Hampshire requires more time to grow than breeds like Duroc who needs high protein for energy and growth.
Bodyweight and energy
Have a proper analysis of the growth of your pigs concerning their breed and the energy they require.
The protein consumption is based on the age and the weight of the pigs. Serving accurate proportion to the heavy-bodied pigs like Weaner that need solid food will ensure better development.
Diet and housing
Every mammal has to keep its body temperature balanced. However Pigs being warm-blooded animals, it is important to ensure a healthy environment that helps their body adjust to the climate.
For instance, If the shelter you provide for the pigs are hot and it’s summer outside, it is a task for them to maintain their body temperature.
A diet with high protein and energy will help them cope with such situations. This can also be done by providing a housing environment that stays with moderate coolness and heat.
Knowing the physical concerns before feeding is very crucial. There are formulated feeds that are specifically prepared for different pigs as per their requirements.
Pregnant Gilt needs special attention with its diet plans. A sow who has got to feed her piglets requires high energy value to sustain fully and healthy.
It’s also important to approach the right stock feeders who are reliable and reputed.
Failing to serve the necessary amount of energy and protein according to the Pig’s feed requirements will cause health concerns.
Availability of water
If you are someone with a large farm, it’s sure that you might have ensured proper water supply to all parts of it. The availability of water to all animals 24/7.
Pigs must be served water with a temperature of around 18 to 20 degrees Celsius regularly.
Making sure that the water should be drinkable over time. Whether it’s the larger pigs or the piglets, they must have easy access to water whenever needed.
What do pigs eat?
For a proper nurturing and growth of Pigs, accurate consumption of feeds, and the right amount of rations is the core.
Analyzing the growth of your pigs at their every stage can help you provide them the right food in the right proportion.
Food for pigs varies according to the nutrition you choose to serve to support the specific breeds.
Many farmers want to grow Pigs that are heavier and healthier. This requires the consumption of high energy oriented diet including Protein, minerals, sugar, Formulated pig feeds, and other nutrition from grains, vegetables, and fruits. However, Pigs are believed to be picky eaters, what one eats would not necessarily be preferred by the other.
Below are the basic diet plans for pigs at their various stages of growth.
- The different stages in the growth of Pigs include Piglet, Weaner, Grower, and Finisher. In each of these stages, The right food decides the maximum growth of the pigs.
- To begin with piglets, creep feeding is an alternate choice for milk. This should only be introduced once the sow cannot provide more milk to the Piglets.
- Creep feeds are solids with nutritional values replacing the sow’s milk. However, in the early stages Creep weeds are supposed to served lower.
- Benzoic acid is proven to be an effective intake for Piglets and weaners. They help in growth rate and feed utilization.
- When the pigs reach the grower stage, the consumption of nutrients changes rapidly. The requirement of high protein food like soya, cereals, wheat, and barley will be effective.
- When a pig reaches the finisher, the typical ration must involve Barley, wheat, feed of wheat, rapeseed extract, High protein food like soya, etc.
General eating habits:
As discussed before protein value must be high in the food served to pigs, but the type of food preferred by pigs vary.
- Potatoes, cooked broccoli, asparagus, mushrooms, radishes, spinaches are special to some pigs. But few may go for plants and veggies like eggplant, artichokes, cabbages, onions, arugula, etc. Some of these like mushrooms can be toxic for some pigs if not chosen well.
- Pigs are mainly believed to show special love towards snow peach, apples, berries, tomatoes, Yale, grapefruit, carrots lettuce, Pears, and other major fruits.
- For pigs new to your farm may feel a little shy to get adapted to plants. In that case, try serving dried fruits, Peanuts, popcorns, dog biscuits, and even uncooked pasta. Just be careful that they don’t make it a habit.
What pigs don’t eat?
The digestive system of pigs is made in such a way that they can have a treat from scraps and garbage. However, choosing this option needs to considered safely.
Therefore, a good diet avoiding unnecessary elements can help in their growth without tampering.
· Some general foods to avoid in pig the feed includes sweets and sugar content, Corn, Milk, Potatoes, meat, or fish.
· Some of the elements that are illegally added in pig feeds are scraps and food wastes, used cooking oil, Kitchen wastes, bones, blood, offal, and carcasses.
· Make sure that these elements are not a part of the feeds. If in doubt, avoid serving it to your pigs. It is always better to choose the right feeder.
What animals do pigs eat?
- Being omnivorous doesn’t make Pigs inclined to too much meat. However, they do consume bugs and insects while rummaging through the scraps.
- Some do consume meat and fish but not a part of the feed which is indeed illegal.
- Although wild Boers are claimed to be predators that mostly prey on eggs and even birds.
If you have got an idea of what to feed pigs, here are some steps to know the process of feeding pigs.
Feeding the piglet
Feeding the young ones with a balanced diet including Creep feed. Ensure that the solids are of moderate sizes to make it easily digestible. The piglets each piglet must consume 20kg per day with one or two feedings. The creep feed can provide the piglets with high protein, vitamins, and minerals required for its growth.
Grains for the matured
The mature pigs are the Weaners that require natural grains (rich in carbohydrates) for better nourishing.
Basic grains like wheat, barley, corn, and rice can be productive in terms of building weight and muscles.
Make sure the grains are cracked well enough for proper digestion.
Fruits and veggies
Beside from feeds and grains, Pigs crave for highly nutritious fruits and veggies. It’s fine to let them have any fruits or vegetables that you have produced. This can include vegetables like potatoes, carrots, tomatoes, sugar beets, root crops, etc
Letting your pigs have these aside from the feeds can also improve nutritional intake.
You can also provide them with the remaining scraps of fruits and vegetables or kitchen wastes which they love to binge on.
Marking the amount
Keep a thorough note of the proportion you serve your pigs and the amount they consume.
The amount of consumption of food will depend upon the bodyweight of the pig. For instance, 7 pounds of food is necessary for 30 pounds of body weight.
The proportion for a lactating sow and a gilt must be measured accordingly.
Having an accurate marking regarding the food served will benefit from the nourishment of the pigs.
About the Author
Farm Animals Guide
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